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英语美文欣赏:爱是特殊的激情

2021-07-16 15:04:04 作者:精英文学网 来源:精英文学网

  What is love, or friendship? Is it something material ... a ball, an apple, a plaything ... which must be taken from one to be given to another? Is it capable of no extension, no communication? Lord Kaimes defines love to be a particularization of the general passion.

  何谓爱情?何谓友情?是一些实在的东西吗?是球、苹果、玩偶……可以信手拈来、随意给人的实物吗?是不能深化、不能交流的吗?Kaimes勋爵给爱情下的定义是,爱情是一般激情的特殊体现。

  But this is the love of sensation, of sentiment ... the absurdest of absurd vanities: it is the love of pleasure, not the love of happiness. The one is a love which is selfcentered, selfinterested: It desires its own interest; it is the parent of jealousy. Its object is the plaything which it desires to monopolize.

  但这是肉欲之爱、情欲之爱……是荒谬绝伦的逢场作戏,是寻欢作乐的爱,不是幸福的爱。这是一种自私自利的爱,它只求利已,是嫉妒之源,其目的在于垄断追求的玩物,其本质是私心、垄断。

  Selfishness, monopoly, is its very soul, and to communicate to others part of this love were to destroy its essence, to annihilate this chain of straw.

  这种爱的表现也是对爱的亵渎,使脆如纤草的爱泯灭殆尽。

  But love, the love which we worship , ... virtue, heaven, disinterestedness ... in a word, Friendship ... which has as much to do with the senses as with yonder mountains; that which seeks the good of all ... the good of its object first, not because that object is a minister to its Pleasures, not merely because it even contributes to its happiness, but because it is really worthy, because it has powers, sensibilities, is capable of abstracting itself, and loving virtue's own loveliness ...

  但我们崇拜的爱,象征美德、天意和无私,一句话,真情……它既能感知,又与远方山头上的云朵息息相通。它追求大家的幸福……首先是对方的幸福,不是因为对方给予欢乐,有愧于心,因为它有力量,有情感,并能无私奉献,因为美德的可爱而受美德……

  Desiring the happiness of others not from the obligation of fearing the happiness of others not from the obligation of fearing hell or desiring heaven: but for pure, simple, unsophisticated virtue. You will soon hear again. Adieu, my dearest friend. Continue to believe that when I am insensible to your excellence, I shall cease to exist.

  不是因为怕下地狱或升天堂而为他人求得幸福,而是出于纯朴无华的美德。你不久又会收到我的倍。再见了,我最亲爱的朋友。请你继续相信这一点:我什么时候对阁下不忠,我便将不复存在。